Walking around El Guarda – with Sam of of course – you can come across the Dolomenes (dolmens) de Tomillos, about 1,5km from our place. Although this ancient burial site is for most laymen nothing extremely special it always give me the feeling how ‘old’ this area is.
It consists of a series of Chalcolithic period dolmens 2000 BC and is a group of three dolmens with a corridor and chamber. They are medium-sized, raised with small masonry and lintels and can be related to similar structures in the Seville and Malaga area. It is also remarkable in this field a menhir, (a pointed end rock placed vertically on a small mound of stones) as it is, the only of its kind in the provincial megalithic architecture.
However for guests that are really interested in stone age structure we advise them to go and visit the Antequera Dolmenes. Almost 7000 years ago, many Neolithic communities in Western Europe began to monumentalize their landscape. Up until that time, the economic activities of the prehistoric groups (mainly hunting, fishing, gathering and incipient agriculture and stockbreeding), their social relations (based on kinship) and their symbolic world had barely modified the environment in which they lived. The presence of humans hardly stood out from nature in an undistinguished landscape. However, this panorama was drastically modified almost simultaneously in many parts of Western Europe during the 5th millennium BC, resulting in the emergence of what we now call the monumental landscape. Much of that monumentalisation consisted of building thousands of megalithic tombs (now popularly known as dolmens), including those of Menga, Viera and El Romeral near what presently is Antequera, some 60 km away from El Guarda.
The Antequera Dolmenes have been nominated for their inclusion on the World Heritage Indicative List due to the monumental character of the megalithic constructions, the beauty of the natural formations surrounding them, and the importance of the relationships established during the Neolithic period between the elements of cultural heritage and their natural setting. It is a culture in which the natural landmarks acquire the value of monuments whilst constructed monuments appear to be part of the natural landscape. This close liaison between culture and nature is especially apparent in the precise positioning of the megaliths in the architectural site. Also, the relationship between mountains with a sacred or cultural significance and megalithic architecture is outstanding. Concerning the outstanding nature of the actual megalithic monuments, the most representative example is the Menga Dolmen. This is one of the largest known dolmens; it is so large that the lintels had to be reinforced with interior pillars, a unique architectural solution.
All in all a perfect place to visit together with a walk in the nearby El Torcal park and/or the Wolves Park.
Interested have a look here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zqrcoXcLTgE